The Journal of Experimental Neuroevolution
Published by Evolocus LLC, ISSN 2164-6481


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Geodakian V.A. Two Sexes. Why? The Evolutionary Theory of Sex (Ed. by Sergey Geodakyan, Wilmington, 2012). File size 3.7 MB.

Geodakian V.A. Two Sexes - Why? The Evolutionary Theory of Sex (Ed. by Sergey Geodakyan, Wilmington, 2011). File size 2.4 MB.

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Bergson H. The Two Sources of Morality and Religion (University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, 2002). First published in 1932. File size 17 MB.

Harms J.W. Die Realisation von Genen und die consecutive Adaption. 1. Phasen in der Differenzierung der Anlagenkomplexe und die Frage der Landtierwerdung. Zeitschr. wiss. Zool. 133, 211-397 (1929). File size 14 MB.

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Danilevski N.Ya. Darwinism: A Critical Study. Vol. 1, Part 2 (St. Petersburg, 1885). Publ. in Russian: Данилевский Н.Я. Дарвинизм: Критическое исследование. Том 1, Часть 2 (С.-Петербург, 1885). File size 70 MB.

Danilevski N.Ya. Darwinism: A Critical Study. Vol. 1, Part 1 (St. Petersburg, 1885). Publ. in Russian: Данилевский Н.Я. Дарвинизм: Критическое исследование. Том 1, Часть 1 (С.-Петербург, 1885). File size 57 MB.

Publications of Other Authors

Byrnes J.J., Johnson N.L., Carini L.M. & Byrnes E.M. Multigenerational effects of adolescent morphine exposure on dopamine D2 receptor function. Psychopharmacol. 2013 Jan 13. DOI 10.1007/s00213-012-2960-1

Crews D. & Gore A.C. Epigenetic synthesis: a need for a new paradigm for evolution in a contaminated world. F1000 Biol. Rep. 4, 18 (2012).

Manikkam M., Guerrero-Bosagna C., Tracey R., Haque M.M. & Skinner M.K. Transgenerational actions of environmental compounds on reproductive disease and identification of epigenetic biomarkers of ancestral exposures. PLoS One 7(2), e31901 (2012). [Supporting Information]

Guerrero-Bosagna C.M. & Skinner M.K. Environmental epigenetics and phytoestrogen/phytochemical exposures. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. (2012). doi:pii: S0960-0760(12)00271-3. 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2012.12.011.

Guerrero-Bosagna C., Covert T.R., Haque M.M., Settles M., Nilsson E.E., Anway M.D. & Skinner M.K. Epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of vinclozolin induced mouse adult onset disease and associated sperm epigenome biomarkers. Reprod. Toxicol. 34, 694-707 (2012). [Supplementary Information]

Guerrero-Bosagna C. & Skinner M.K. Environmentally induced epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of phenotype and disease. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. (2011). doi:10.1016/j.mce.2011.10.004

Byrnes J.J., Babb J.A., Scanlan V.F. & Byrnes E.M. Adolescent opioid exposure in female rats: Transgenerational effects on morphine analgesia and anxiety-like behavior in adult offspring. Behav. Brain Res. 218, 200-205 (2011).

Frankel N., Erezyilmaz D.F., McGregor A.P., Wang S. Payre F. & Stern D.L. Morphological evolution caused by many subtle-effect substitutions in regulatory DNA. Nature 474, 598-603 (2011). [Supplementary Information]

Feng S., Jacobsen S.E. & Reik W. Epigenetic reprogramming in plant and animal development. Science 330, 622-627 (2010).

Skinner M.K., Anway M.D., Savenkova M.I., Gore A.C. & Crews D. Transgenerational epigenetic programming of the brain transcriptome and anxiety behavior. PLoS ONE 3(11), e3745 (2008). [Supplementary Information: S1, S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7, S8]

Stern D.L. & Orgogozo V. The loci of evolution: how predictable is genetic evolution? Evolution 62, 2155-2177 (2008).

Evans P.D., Mekel-Bobrov N., Vallender E.J., Hudson R.R. & Lahn B.T. Evidence that the adaptive allele of the brain size gene microcephalin introgressed into Homo sapiens from an archaic Homo lineage. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 18178-18183 (2006).

Evans P.D., Gilbert S.L., Mekel-Bobrov N., Vallender E.J., Anderson J.R., Vaez-Azizi L.M., Tishkoff S.A., Hudson R.R. & Lahn B.T. Microcephalin, a gene regulating brain size, continues to evolve adaptively in humans. Science 309, 1717-1720 (2005).

Byrnes E.M. Transgenerational consequences of adolescent morphine exposure in female rats: effects on anxiety-like behaviors and morphine sensitization in adult offspring. Psychopharmacol. 182, 537-544 (2005).

Engler P., Haasch D., Pinkert C.A., Doglio L., Glymour M., Brinster R. & Storb U. A strain-specific modifier on mouse chromosome 4 controls the methylation of independent transgene loci. Cell 65, 939-947 (1991).

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Neurologger 3 and its history. Evolocus 1, I-VI (2016).

Abstract. Neurologger has been originally designed to record EEG, local field potentials and neuronal activity in freely moving animals in their natural environments. Later its spectrum of applicability was extended to EMG and ECG recording. Recently Neurologger has been applied to study of auditory communication in animals and, thanks to increased up to 200 kHz sampling rate in single-channel mode, to study of ultrasonic echolocation in bats. Today Neurologger is represented by two versions: Neurologger 2A/2B and Neurologger 3. Neurologger 2A/2B remains our lightest version (1.3 g without battery) and it is capable to record up to 4 channels at 33.3 kHz, 10-bit into soldered on board memory (1 or 2 GB). Neurologger 3 is slightly heavier (1.7 g without battery), it records up to 32 channels at 20.8 kHz, 16-bit into microSDXC card (4-256 GB) and it has remote control and data access through BlueTooth communication with Windows 10 machines.

Supplementary Information for "Neurologger 3 and its history", 2016.

Full Text + SI (Combined PDF)



Vyssotski D.L. Nomogenesis and the logic of chance. Evolocus 1, 25-30 (2016).

Abstract. Evolution of available genomes was shown to be proceeding through random changes, the changes that comprise the main modus of evolution (Koonin, 2011). Morphological evolution of available and extinct Metazoa was shown to be going on the basis of law, by means of precession of characters, where characters originally manifested in the young along in the course of time and evolution were displayed also in adult descendants (or supposed descendants) of that organism (Berg, 1922). This contradiction is obviously solved in nature, where the appearance of any new genetic locus in the genome and its further expression in the phenotype can be separated by unlimited period of time and by unlimited number of generations.  The management of dormant genetic loci has come from the previous evolutionary stage, unimaginable today, where organisms were open systems with respect to the flow of genetic elements and were collecting, discriminating and storing genetic elements from the external environment. This was an important period when multiple systems for blocking and unblocking of genetic loci came into being. However even before this stage, it was even more fantastic evolutionary period where replication, transcription and translation were absent and Eigen cycle was not possible, but organisms were collecting randomly available components (proteins, RNA and DNA) by means of action acceptors (Anokhin, 1955) – sites of double-stranded DNA mechanically compatible with useful components. Action acceptors themselves were unable to be replicated by modern way (no DNA polymerase!), but they were collecting their pseudo-copies from the environment – the pieces of DNA that were born in the environment and occurred to be compatible by chance with current action acceptors. Action acceptors, – the structures that sense presumably useful results or substances, were directing evolution from the early beginning and they are directing it today through activation and deactivation of dormant genetic loci.

Supplementary Information for Vyssotski, 2016.

Full Text + SI (Combined PDF)



Vyssotski D.L. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation and natural selection. Evolocus 1, 19-24 (2014).

Abstract. The term “epigenetics” defines all meiotically and mitotically heritable changes in gene expression that are not coded in the DNA sequence itself. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation was discovered in the untreated progeny of drug-treated males (rats and mice) as the opposite quantitative phenotypic changes. In natural populations, the hereditary basis of transgenerational epigenetic compensation develops mainly in homozygous mutant males, but it does not affect their phenotype. In their descendants, being in an independent locus, this heritable epigenetic compensation increases fitness and lifespan of homozygous mutant females and decreases lifespan of wild-type females, starting from F2. Here we show that this transgenerational epigenetic compensation is a guiding agent of natural selection. Natural selection is not a directing or driving force of evolution anymore. Natural selection needs some guidance. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation can initiate speciation through segregation of mutants and wild-types and/or it can change the selection coefficient of a given mutation.

Supplementary Information for Vyssotski, 2014.

Full Text + SI (Combined PDF)



Vyssotski D.L. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation and sexual dimorphism. Evolocus 1, 13-18 (2013).

Abstract. The term “epigenetics” defines all meiotically and mitotically heritable changes in gene expression that are not coded in the DNA sequence itself. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation was discovered in the untreated progeny of drug-treated males (rats and mice) as the opposite quantitative phenotypic changes. In natural populations, heritable epigenetic compensation can convert mutants into hopeful monsters, initiates speciation, and therefore determines the route of macroevolution. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation facilitates genetic assimilation of acquired characters in microevolution. The ontogenesis of females is better canalized than that one of males, and natural selection proceeds mainly through selection of males. However the presence of sexual dimorphism in transgenerational epigenetic compensation remains unclear. Here we show that the hereditary basis of transgenerational epigenetic compensation develops mainly in males. However the phenotypic results of this development are more pronounced in their female descendants, starting from F2. This sexual dimorphism enhances the efficiency of micro- and macroevolution.

Supplementary Information for Vyssotski, 2013.

Full Text + SI (Combined PDF)



Vyssotski D.L. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation in evolution. Evolocus 1, 7-12 (2012).

Abstract. The term “epigenetics” defines all meiotically and mitotically heritable changes in gene expression that are not coded in the DNA sequence itself. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation of disturbed functionality was discovered in the untreated progeny of drug-treated fathers as the opposite quantitative phenotypic changes (phenotypic inversion). Epigenetic changes, responsible for heritable compensation, are distributed between several independent loci and these changes disappear gradually and asynchronously during a few untreated generations. The role of hereditary epigenetic compensation in evolution remains unclear. Here we show that transgenerational epigenetic compensation of disturbed functionality converts mutants into hopeful monsters, initiates speciation and facilitates genetic assimilation of acquired characters. The increase of environmental pressure, applied to mutant and wild-type animals, induces heritable epigenetic compensation in mutants (initially less fit), whereas the development of wild-types remains canalized. In a random breeding population this heritable epigenetic compensation increases fitness and lifespan of mutants and decreases lifespan of wild-types.

Supplementary Information for Vyssotski, 2012.

Full Text + SI (Combined PDF)



Vyssotski D.L. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation. Evolocus 1, 1-6 (2011).

Abstract. The term “epigenetics” defines all meiotically and mitotically heritable changes in gene expression that are not coded in the DNA sequence itself. The ability of environmental factors to reprogram the germ line and to promote transgenerational disease states has significant implications for evolutionary biology. However, the biological function of transgenerational epigenetic inheritance remains unclear. Here we show that epigenetic inheritance promotes transgenerational compensation of disturbed functionality. After chronic morphine treatment of male Wistar rats or neonatal thyroxine treatment of male DBA/2J mice many of the changes discovered in the untreated progeny occurred to be the opposite of those observed in the treated fathers themselves. Phenotypic analysis of the untreated F1-F3 generations has revealed several independent epigenetically modified loci. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation was observed in the F2-F3 and further generations of transgenic Per2(Brdm1) mice raised under semi-natural outdoor conditions and it was localized not in the same locus as original mutation.

Supplementary Information for Vyssotski, 2011.

Full Text + SI (Combined PDF)




Evolocus Neuroscience-2016 Special Issue. File size 19 MB.

Our Publications

Neurologger 3 and its history. Evolocus 1, I-VI (2016). [Supplementary Information]

Vyssotski D.L. Nomogenesis and the logic of chance. Evolocus 1, 25-30 (2016). [Supplementary Information]

Vyssotski D.L. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation and natural selection. Evolocus 1, 19-24 (2014). [Supplementary Information]

Vyssotski D.L. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation and sexual dimorphism. Evolocus 1, 13-18 (2013). [Supplementary Information]

Vyssotski D.L. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation in evolution. Evolocus 1, 7-12 (2012). [Supplementary Information]

Vyssotski D.L. Transgenerational epigenetic compensation. Evolocus 1, 1-6 (2011). [Supplementary Information]

Vyssotski D.L. Transgenerational Epigenetic Compensation of Paternal Drug Treatment. Supporting Online Material (Evolocus, New York, 2010). [Erratum]

Vyssotski D.L. The Last Trick of Neuroevolution. An Addition to the Book "Elements of Biological Concepts" (Evolocus, New York, 2007). Publ. in Russian: Д.Л. Высоцкий, Последний трюк нейроэволюции. Дополнение к книге "Элементы биологических концепций" (Эволокус, Нью-Йорк, 2007).

Vyssotski D.L. Elements of Biological Concepts (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 2004). Publ. in Russian: Д.Л. Высоцкий, Элементы биологических концепций (Наука, Новосибирск, 2004), ISBN 5-02-032061-7.

Other Publications

Lesku J.A., Meyer L.C.R., Fuller A., Maloney S.K., Dell'Omo G., Vyssotski A.L. and Rattenborg N.C. (2011) Ostriches sleep like platypuses. PLoS One, 6(8):e23203. [Figure S1] [Figure S2] [Movie] [Supplementary Text]

Tsoar A., Nathan R., Bartan Y., Vyssotski A., Dell'Omo G. and Ulanovsky N. (2011) Large-scale navigation map in a mammal. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, Aug. 15 (Epub ahead of print). [Supporting Information] [Movie]

Daan S., Spoelstra K., Albrecht U., Schmutz I., Daan M., Daan B., Rienks F., Poletaeva I., Dell'Omo G., Vyssotski A., and Lipp H.-P. (2011) Lab mice in the field: unorthodox daily activity and effects of a dysfunctional circadian clock allele. J Biol Rhythms, 26(2): 118-29. [Supplementary Online Material]

Pang D.S., Robledo C.J., Carr D.C., Gent T.C., Vyssotski A.L., Caley A, Zecharia A., Wisden W., Brickley S.G., and Frank N.P. (2009) An unexpected role for TASK-3 potassium channels in network oscillations with implications for sleep mechanisms and anesthetic action. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2009 Oct 13; 106(41):17546-51.

Vyssotski A.L., Dell'Omo G., Dell'Ariccia G., Abramchuk A.N., Serkov A.N., Latanov A.V., Loizzo A., Wolfer D.P., and Lipp H.-P. (2009) EEG responses to visual landmarks in flying pigeons. Curr Biol. 19(14), 1159-1166. [Supplement]

Rattenborg N.C., Voirin B., Vyssotski A.L., Kays R.W., Spoelstra K., Kuemmeth F., Heidrich W.,and Wikelski M. (2008) Sleeping outside the box: electroencephalographic measures of sleep in sloths inhabiting a rainforest.
Biol Lett. 4(4):402-5.

Vyssotski A.L., Serkov A.N., Itskov P.M., Dell'Omo G., Latanov A.V., Wolfer D.P., and Lipp H.-P. (2006) Miniature neurologgers for flying pigeons: multichannel EEG and action and field potentials in combination with GPS recording. J Neurophysiol 95: 1263-1273.

Vyssotski, A.L., Dell'Omo, G., Poletaeva, I.I., Vyssotski, D.L., Minichiello, L., Klein, R., Wolfer, D.P., and Lipp, H.-P. (2002). Long-term monitoring of hippocampus-dependent behavior in naturalistic settings: mutant mice lacking the neurotrophin receptor TrkB in the forebrain show spatial learning but impaired behavioral flexibility. Hippocampus 12, 27-38.

Vyssotski D.L. Acute and Chronic Effects of Morphine in the Progeny of Male Rats with Opiate Dependence (Institute of Normal Physiology, Moscow, 2001). Ph.D. thesis in Russian: Высоцкий Д.Л. Острые и хронические эффекты морфина у потомства крыс-самцов с опиатной зависимостью (НИИ НФ РАМН, Москва, 2001). File size 36 MB.

Vysotskii A.L., Vysotskii D.L., Gudasheva T.A., Ostrovskaya R.U., Anokhin K.V. (1999). Modulation of long-term memory by delayed administration of the Amide of L-Pyroglutamyl-D-alanine, a nootropic agent, in spaced and massed training in rats. – Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology, 29(2), 137-142.

Publications of Other Authors

Weyrich A., Lenz D., Jeschek M., Chung T.H., Rübensam K., Göritz F., Jewgenow K. & Fickel J. Paternal intergenerational epigenetic response to heat exposure in male Wild guinea pigs. Mol. Ecol. 25, 1729-1740 (2016).

Skinner M.K., Guerrero-Bosagna C., Haque M., Nilsson E., Bhandari R. & McCarrey J.R. Environmentally induced transgenerational epigenetic reprogramming of primordial germ cells and the subsequent germ line. PLoS One 8(7), e66318 (2013). [Supplementary Information: s1, sT1, sT2]

Skinner M.K. Environmental epigenetics and epigenetic transgenerational inheritance. In Environmental Epigenomics in Health and Disease: Epigenetics and Disease Origins, Jirtle R.L. & Tyson F.L., Eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2013), pp. 245-256.

Skinner M.K., Manikkam M., Haque M.M., Zhang B. & Savenkova M.I. Epigenetic transgenerational inheritance of somatic transcriptomes and epigenetic control regions. Genome Biology 13, R91 (2012).

Perreau-Lenz S., Sanchis-Segura C., Leonardi-Essmann F., Schneider M. & Spanagel R. Development of morphine-induced tolerance and withdrawal: involvement of the clock gene mPer2. Eur. Neuropsychopharmacol. 20, 509-517 (2010).

Theissen G. Saltational evolution: hopeful monsters are here to stay. Theory Biosci. 128, 43-51 (2009).

Schneider S., Kaufmann W., Buesen R. & van Ravenzwaay B. Vinclozolin - The lack of a transgenerational effect after oral maternal exposure during organogenesis. Reprod. Toxicol. 25, 352-260 (2008).

Crews D., Gore A.C., Hsu T.S., Dangleben N.L., Spinetta M., Schallert T., Anway M.D. & Skinner M.K. Transgenerational epigenetic imprints on mate preference. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 5942-5946 (2007). [Supporting Information] [Movie]

Koonin E.V. The cosmological model of eternal inflation and the transition from chance to biological evolution in the history of life. Biology Direct 2, 15 (2007).

Zuckerkandl E. & Cavalli G. Combinatorial epigenetics, “junk DNA”, and the evolution of complex organisms. Gene 390, 232-242 (2007).

Theissen G. The proper place of hopeful monsters in evolutionary biology. Theory Biosci. 124, 349-369 (2006).

Zlotin B. & Zusman A. A Natural Brain for Intelligent Design (Ideation International, Southfield, Michigan, 2005).

Anway M.D., Cupp A.S., Uzumcu M. & Skinner M.K. Epigenetic transgenerational actions of endocrine disruptors and male fertility. Science 308, 1466-1469 (2005). [Supporting Online Material]

Mirkin B.G., Fenner T.I., Galperin M.Y. & Koonin E.V. Algorithms for computing parsimonious evolutionary scenarios for genome evolution, the last universal common ancestor and dominance of horizontal gene transfer in the evolution of prokaryotes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 3, 2 (2003).

Mirkin B. & Koonin E. A top-down method for building genome classification trees with linear binary hierarchies. In Bioconsensus, Janowitz M., Lapointe J.-F., McMorris F., Mirkin B. & Roberts F., Eds. (DIMACS Series, Vol. 61, AMS, Providence, 2003), pp. 97-112.

Cicero T.J., Nock B. & Meyer E.R. Gender-linked differences in the expression of physical dependence in the rat. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. 72, 691-697 (2002).

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